The term hypospadias is derived from the Greek words hypo (below, too little) and Spadone (crack, gutter).The condition is one of the most common congenital abnormalities and occurs in around 1 in 300 births.
Hypospadias is a congenital disorder of the urethra where the urinary opening is not at the usual location on the head of the penis. It is the common birth abnormality of the male reproductive system, affecting about one of every 250-350 males at birth.
Hypospadias is an abnormality of anterior urethral and penile development in which the urethral opening is ectopically located on the ventral aspect of the penis proximal to the tip of the glans penis, which, in this condition, is splayed open.
The urethral opening may be located as far down as in the scrotum or perineum. The penis is more likely to have associated ventral shortening and curvature, called chordee, with more proximal urethral defects.
There are five steps for the successful repair of hypospadias:
- Penile straightening,
- Meatoplasty and Glanuloplasty,
- Skin Coverage.
The major technical advances in hypospadias surgery that have improved surgical outcomes are
- Preservation of the urethral plate,
- Incision of the urethral plate,
- Dorsal midline plication,
- Deepithelized urethroplasty dartos flap coverage, and
- Two stage alternative techniques.
Problems related to Urine coming from down and soiling of trouser during urine can be cured. Dr. Nagwani ensures reasonable hypospadias repair surgery cost in Kolkata and the best hospital for hypospadias surgery in India.