Hair transplantation is a surgical technique that removes hair follicles from one part of the body, called the 'donor site', to a bald or balding part of the body known as the 'recipient site'.
The technique is primarily used to treat male pattern baldness. Hair transplantation can also be used to restore eyelashes, eyebrows, beard hair, chest hair, groin hair and to fill in scars caused by accidents or surgery such as face-lifts and previous hair transplants. Hair transplantation differs from skin grafting in that grafts contain almost all of the epidermis and dermis surrounding the hair follicle, and many tiny grafts are transplanted rather than a single strip of skin. The use of both scalp flaps, in which a band of tissue with its original blood supply is shifted to the continue bald area, and free grafts dates back to the 19th century. Hair transplant surgery can now promote hair regrowth along the donor area. Both treatments have been observed to facilitate donor scar healing and follicle regeneration.
The most common type of hair loss in both men and women is referred to as androgenic alopecia. The mechanism of androgenic alopecia is inherent in each individual hair follicle as it responds to external stimuli, essentially androgens. The progressive loss of hair is predetermined by genetic characteristics associated with these responsive scalp follicles. Baldness typically refers to excessive hair loss from your scalp. The most common cause of hair loss is a hereditary condition called male-pattern baldness or female-pattern baldness. It usually occurs gradually with aging and in predictable patterns Anyone can experience hair loss, but it’s more common in men.
Follicular Unit Extraction or FUE harvesting, individual follicular units containing 1 to 4 hairs are removed under local anesthesia; this micro removal typically uses tiny punches of between 0.6mm and 1.0mm in diameter. The surgeon then uses very small micro blades or fine needles to puncture the sites for receiving the grafts, placing them in a predetermined density and pattern, and angling the wounds in a consistent fashion to promote a realistic hair pattern. The technicians generally do the final part of the procedure, inserting the individual grafts in place.
The survival of follicular units upon extraction from the scalp is one of the key variables of successful hair transplantation. If follicular units are transected in the extraction process, there is a greater likelihood that they will not survive the transplant, and the hair transplant will fail. While FUT procedures using strip-harvesting of follicular units typically guarantees a large number of non- transected follicular units, FUE procedures can, and often do, transect grafts, rendering them useless in a transplant.
There are a number of applications for hair transplant surgery, including:
Frontal hair line lowering or reconstruction (naturally high hairlines without an existing hair loss condition)
The Patient get completely natural-looking hair after hair transplant! You can wash, style and take care of your new hair just the way you do for your natural hair.
The Patient could notice new hair in a month after surgery. Though in the first month, the newly transplanted hair keeps falling and growing but you can observe a significant growth in other 5-6 months.
For complete results, the patient should wait for almost 12 months as this is the period which makes your newly transplanted hair follicles grow and look well. Once your hairs have reached the desired stage, you can opt for an appropriate haircut.
Advances in wound care allow for semi-permeable dressing, which allow seepage of blood and tissue fluid, to be applied and changed at least daily. The vulnerable recipient area must be shielded from the sun, and shampooing is started two days after the surgery. Some surgeons will have the patient shampoo the day after surgery. Shampooing is important to prevent scabs from forming around the hair shaft. Scabs adhere to the hair shaft and increase the risk of losing newly transplanted hair follicles during the first 7 to 10 days post-operation.
During the first ten days, some of the transplanted hairs, inevitably traumatized by their relocation, may fall out. This is referred to as “shock loss”. After two to three months new hair will begin to grow from the moved follicles. The patient’s hair will grow normally, and continue to thicken through the next six to nine months. Any subsequent hair loss is likely to be only from untreated areas. Some patients elect to use medications to retard such loss, while others plan a subsequent transplant procedure to deal with this eventuality.
Hair thinning, known as “shock loss”, is a common side effect that is usually temporary. Bald patches are also common, as fifty to a hundred hairs can be lost each day. Post-operative swelling of face and scalp, hiccups have also been seen in around 5% of transplant patients.